Learning the different types of eczema can help you understand how best to treat them. Here are 6 of the most common types of eczema and their treatment:
- Atopic Dermatitis
This presents as persistent red patches, swollen skin, open wounds, and crusting. It is due to a hyper-reactive immune system. Treatment depends on the severity of the eczema. It can include UVB light therapy and prescription medications.
- Seborrheic Dermatitis
Known as dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis can be due to an overgrowth of a yeast organism. This leads to an immunologic reaction. Anti-yeast shampoos can help.
- Contact Dermatitis
This can be because of contact with an irritating substance or a reaction to an allergen. Treatment involves identification of the exact cause. This will help determine the most appropriate treatment. In most cases, topical steroids will be administered.
- Statis Dermatitis
Elderly people are more prone to develop this type of eczema. It occurs on their lower legs. The legs become swollen and develops a rash. Compression socks and elevating the feet can help reduce the swelling. Topical creams can address the rash.
- Dyshidrotic Eczema
This is a type of eczema that occurs more often during the winter. They present as red patches as well as blister- or pimple-like bumps on the toes and fingers. Treatment includes the application of a moisturizer and special topical creams.
- Nummular Eczema
These are circular patches that often develop in the legs. They are most common in the wintertime, affecting the elderly. Treating nummular eczema involves applying an appropriate topical cream.